comma before including list

I love to pet kittens, puppies and rabbits. When to Use a Comma Before 'Because' Commas with Participial Phrases. We'll show you how to use conjunctions, clauses, relative pronouns, and the proper way to use a comma after "and" with our comma cheat sheet. If the number of page visits is a reliable indicator, this topic—using a comma before and—is on the minds of many people. a. I love to pet kittens, puppies and rabbits. If the writer feels that the intended audience of this sentence do not know about the members of G8 countries, he can make it defining by not inserting the comma before "including". A comma comes after every coordinating adjective except for the last adjective. The Listing Comma. Well, forget proper. only include a comma before "since" when the verb in the independent clause that precedes it is negated and this might cause confusion. The comma placed between “jumping” and “and swimming” is an example of an Oxford comma. For example: "Germany annexed Austria, Poland, and the Netherlands." before the coordinating conjunction [usually and or or]) in a series of three or more terms.For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy and Spain" (without the serial comma… Comma before the final item in a list. Semicolons . 2. About the Author. A comma comes after each noun in a list. If the specific examples aren’t essential to the accuracy of your sentence, then use a comma before such as and after your example, unless the example is at the very end of the sentence. He went to London for two weeks, and he stayed at an expensive … Since most … 2018-05-24 16:21 #0 by: Evelina Use a comma before “including” and “such as” when followed by a nonrestrictive, nonessential phrase or clause. When there are just two items in a list, a comma … If the examples are essential to the meaning of … My understanding is that if the subordinate clause follows the main clause, no comma precedes the conjunction; however, I saw the following sentence in the Q&A and am now confused. Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. Both the Modern Language Association and the American Psychological Association require it. The thinking is that if the preceding … Because I was late, I had to sit in the back. So the list above would run like this: This gets more complex when an item or multiple items in your list already have commas… No. … In this example, what's right? Here are the two most common uses of the semicolon: 1. When writing a list of items for an academic paper, place a comma between each item in the list, including before the word "and." The third most oft-visited on this site, this page garnered close to 10,000 hits in the past thirty days. If we use this second format and then make a list of people, the different people would be separated by a semi-colon (;) and not a comma. In the above, the comma before "including" (and the one after "Russia") is purely based on the context. All lists in APA Style should include a serial comma—the final comma before the conjunction. Let’s look at … In the first example below, the comma after "butter" is called a serial comma or an Oxford comma.In the US, when there are more than two list items, your readers will expect a comma before the conjunction (in this case, "and") that precedes the last list item. If it is … If we take the first person first, the format would be like this: Joan Darcy, U.S. The price for the ticket is $15.75 including sales tax. By definition, if we use the word include or including before a list, we are telling the reader that the list is not exhaustive. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. NOTE: Do not use a comma if the order is reversed (the independent clause comes before the dependent clause), except for cases of extreme contrast. “Be … There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Comma before including or not? There’s a long-running debate over whether it’s proper to include that last comma in a list. In British English, it is quite unusual to use a comma with and. We are having a continuing discussion about the use of a comma before since in this type of sentence: The number was purposely selected, since most people can divide mentally. Adjectives are words that modify a noun like "old", "red", "greasy". Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. A semicolon creates more separation between thoughts than a comma does but less than a period does. Just the word including is enough for introducing a list (and a semicolon is never used to introduce a list). Nor should you put a colon there. The Oxford Comma This section is about commas not semicolons, but it will affect how you punctuate your lists. Using a Comma before “And” (and Other Coordinating Conjunctions) in a Sentence. First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list: The Three Musketeers were Athos, Porthos and … If the series includes internal commas that necessitate semicolons or uses a conjunction such as "and," include the comma. The same rules apply for titles. What the Dictionaries Tell Us. More examples: Everyone survived, including the family dog. The semicolon looks like a comma with a period above it, and this can be a good way to remember what it does. In section 4.03 of APA 6, the serial comma is clearly required: “between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.” In fact, APA even requires the serial comma to be included in in-text references: (Smith, Smith, & Jones, 2016). The American Heritage states that include … The most basic type of list appears in the running text of a sentence, with each item separated by a comma. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. For example, Each child was given a plush toy, a building block, and a rubber ball. First, some courts have held that an item only falls within the preceding noun if it falls within one of the items in the list. The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or.It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. If you use the word "including," it may help clarify to put a comma BEFORE it, but you still do not need a colon after it. For instance, AP would use the "serial" comma in this sentence: "The school offers courses titled Arts and Entertainment, Geology, History and Human Development, … It could be excluded as well, resulting in the following: “There are many activities including, but not limited to, running, jumping and swimming.” Keeping the Oxford comma is useful for differentiating the items as three separate examples rather than as two, e.g. There are some cases where you know you should use a comma – such as when separating items in a list – but there are other times when you might be unsure whether or not a comma … The final comma before the "and" is called the serial comma. Reputable dictionaries, including Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary and the American Heritage Dictionary, tell us that the verb include is not interchangeable with the verb are. The only time you would place a colon after "include" … If it is essential, meaning the phrase is necessary to understand the meaning of the sentence, then use no comma. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before the independent clause. The comma before such as is correct because the phrase is a nonessential clause. The comma makes things clearer, and a recent lawsuit proves that. She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show … 3. The band has five members, including a drummer, two guitars, a violin, and a flute. Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? The Oxford comma … Should I use a comma between two adjectives? (US) Notes. 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Oxford comma this section is about commas not semicolons, but it will affect how you punctuate your.... Some of those items already contain commas he feels, the readers know he can set of the semicolon like. As prairie restoration and controlled burns comma comes after Each noun in a sentence for `` because outlined.

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