geographical factors examples

0 It may be pointed out, however, that the social and geographical conditions are different in the United - Kingdom and the United States, and in each country the. geographic factors Essay Examples. A multinational clothing company divides its market geographically based upon climate between the Southern Hemisphere … In our globalized world, the new reticular political geography will continue to focus on territory, but at a larger variety of scales than in the past. Press articles state that currently in Somalia per day 300 000 US$ are spent on khat and a debate is going on whether khat imports from neighboring countries drain Somalia’s economy. While the constraints of territorial geography are being altered, and in some cases eroded, these geographical factors most certainly collude to present a significant challenge to the Oceania region. The result was the secession of Crimea. In another household survey among 1028 adult respondents in the rural district of Adami Tullu, in southern central Ethiopia, with mixed-religions community, current khat chewing was reported in 40.4% of men, 18.2% of women, while daily use was found in 5.7% of the total sample. Indonesia, the Maldive Islands and Sri Lanka were particularly badly affected. In Melanesia, which due to the volcanic geomorphic roots is largely comprised of large, raised islands and there are mineral deposits and significant land area for agricultural production. The Indonesian archipelago is often called an island continent and the boundaries are the result of the colonial past and not due to natural boundaries between different peoples or due to geographical factors. In the postcolonial era, research has increased in both quantity and quality, and new discoveries are frequently made. In the low-lying atoll islands the problem is most certainly the reverse in that there are no land-based resources. Khat use in Western countries is still limited to immigrant groups. Thirty years ago, a cross-sectional assessment of khat use in Somalia reported that in the north of the country, 64% of adult males from the general population regularly consume khat compared to 21% in the south. With international businesses exploring newer avenues, it is not difficult to come up with examples, where the concept of geographic segmentation is applied for marketing products. She is now Head of Humanities in a sixth form college in Surrey and is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. Behavior, health, beliefs, income and education are examples of factors that can be affected by geography. They differ in language and cultural background, comprising people with more than thousand years of cultural heritage, like the Javanese, and stone age tribes in West Papua who even do not yet know that they are living in the Indonesian archipelago. A regional drought negatively affected agriculture, and the resulting lack of food contributed to the collapse of the empire. The following sections provide details on the losses in various categories. Understanding reasons why a country may be in poverty is a way to help with its development. In summary, khat has become a large regional market without the involvement of multinationals. Political Factors: Political factors also play a vital role in agricultural development. Major shopping areas and educational facilities can be identified along with community facilities such as recreational areas. In Hargeisa, north-western Somalia, we recently found that 31.3% of males above the age of 12 chewed khat in the week before the interview. Populist and anti-European trends were reinforced in various countries, creating a real risk that the European Union would start to fracture. Based on the Household Budget Survey 1998, Yemenite households spent around 9–10% of their income on buying khat. Examples of site factors include whether an area is protected by mountains or if there is a natural harbor present. The commercial importance of such free interchange of traffic is the controlling factor in determining the gauge of any new railway that is not isolated by its geographical position. On the other hand, the new forms of terrorism do not express territorial conflicts. These factors can also include any information that has an effect on the current or future value what is being examined. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. W.E. Attractive environments, such as mountains, seasides and warm climates ; For example the Alps pull French people to eastern France. The return of war to Europe has led to ethnic cleansing, diminishing again the potential of many areas to function as buffer zones between different national groups. The geographical inequalities between Europe and Africa have led to various Euro-Mediterranean projects, the latest of which is to create a Mediterranean Union on the model of the European Union. It comprises the modern nation states of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao (Laos), Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam – the ASEAN nations (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), and East Timor (Figure 1). ), but also on various geographic factors, such as climate, cultural preferences, populations, and more. However, it is the region’s role at the margins of the global political economy and the nature of its insertion into globalizing processes, and the conflict that this has often perpetuated that explains the poor relative position of the region in terms of welfare and development prospects. Yet the geographical factor, in the form of a geography of education has yet to establish itself. Endogenous factors contributing to the character of places. Diasporas already play such a role. This involved a number of intellectual positions from European and Anglo-American geography which arose to challenge the state-centrism and factual accuracy of conventional geopolitical theories. As a result, geopolitics has traditionally been considered to be a very practical and objective study: the actual ‘practice’ of international relations has been seen to be quite separate from political theory. The Ukraine crisis since 2013 is also of special interest. Types of county economic and demographic data include (1) household data by income, (2) personal income by source, (3) per capita income, (4) population by age, race and sex, (5) employment by industry, (6) household income, and (7) employment by industry. In Thailand, six provinces on the Gulf of Thailand suffered from massive casualties and destruction. In 70% of households at least one khat chewer is reported and its use is nearly equal among all segments of the population. Diasporas already play this role. The predominance of the territorial nation-state, both as a reality and as a geopolitical representation, will be challenged and, with it, the geopolitical forms and phenomena that have accompanied its rise. Small populations and geographical factors limited the number of operators able to sustainably compete in the market. However, diasporas can also become unstable spaces, just as the traditional buffer zones. At 7:59 on December 26th, 2004, an earthquake with magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter Scale struck with its epicentre close to Sumatra in Indonesia. Thus, a submarket for a specific industry or group of industries can be identified within a region. The finished mind map should take at least a full page of your book and use colour and images as well as text. The approximately 17,000 islands and the seas between the islands shape the country. The most major root factors are transportation options, standards of living, and other government-related policies which serve as the main determinants … In our globalized world, the new reticular political geography will continue to focus on territory, but at a larger variety of scales than in the past. The predominance of the territorial nation-state, both as a reality and as a geopolitical representation, will be challenged and, with it, the geopolitical forms and phenomena that have accompanied its rise. While the sea also creates a biome, it can also be a type of landform. Get more argumentative, persuasive geographical factors essay samples and other research papers after sing up The political … This is not to say that the source of all of the region’s problems is external – this is far from the case, internal conflict and ineffective governance have also played a major role – but it is the case that the root of these problems can often be traced back to the marginal position that the region and its constituent territories occupy in the global political economy. This classification allows analysts to better understand the main differences found between the various approaches to quality analysis used in different geosocial contexts with respect to the following aspects: the type of survey used, the analysis methodology, and the most important variables according to each territorial context. - Geographical influences are one of the factors which have a great impact upon the businesses. He argued that certain spaces would be more vulnerable to attack because of the effects of distance on politics and that certain topographical features could promote security. The cultural factor will become more and more important. Some studies ever investigated the prevalence of khat use among adult immigrants in Western countries, mainly among Somalis in the United Kingdom. At the same time, demilitarized zones have been multiplied in order to cope with renewed conflict. The cultural dimensions of political geography will become more and more important. Let us understand Geographical pricing with the use of multiple examples. This refers to the protection of the state from the threat of external powers. The two largest peninsulas are mainland Europe and Scandinavia to the north, divided from each other by the Baltic Sea. In some areas the richness of the natural environment is threatened by large scale deforestation projects, huge mining activities or the on-going misuse of natural resources. Carefully read the material above; you could research online to find additional detail/factors. Sometimes geographical factors make it more difficult to deliver services. Critical geopolitics refers to a range of approaches that arose through a revival of interest in political geography to challenge dominant geopolitical arguments in the 1980s. Behavior, health, beliefs, income and education are examples of factors that can be affected by geography. The term ‘geopolitics’ was first used by the Swedish political scientist Rudolf Kjellen in 1899, but did not become popular until used in the early twentieth century by British geographer and strategist Halford Mackinder. With the end of the Cold War, many parts of this international frontier became destabilized again. Southeast Asia is an arbitrary region whose definition is based on partly physical geographical factors, partly on cultural similarities, and partly according to politically defined areas. Indonesia is often called the country of people who are at the same time beyond description happy or miserable (Raffles, 1817). Some studies of patients of general health services in different parts of the country disclosed a lifetime prevalence rate of 10.7% in a region without khat production and a current prevalence rate of 29% in a khat-producing region. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted. In Ethiopia, khat chewing has traditionally been a habit in the southern and eastern part of the country, especially in Harerghe and among the Muslim populations. The Islamist challenges to American hegemony are not organized in the framework of a continuous territory with a hierarchical structure of organization behind it. Geographic factors are circumstances associated with a physical location that affect humans living within a specific area. Physical factors that affect population density include water supply, climate, relief (shape of the land), vegetation, soils and availability of natural resources and energy. One third of the tourism industry personnel in the affected areas perished. In Thailand, six provinces on the Gulf of Thailand suffered from massive casualties and destruction. In recent years, khat production and use has also been spreading to African countries where it has been unknown before, for example, Uganda and Rwanda. UN-2. The study of geopolitics focused upon the ways in which geographical factors – such as proximity, land mass, geographies of resources, and so on – shaped the historical unfolding of international politics. Search Pages. Much of Southeast Asia lies on the Sunda shelf which is separated from the Sahul shelf by deep water barriers. All of these factors occur outside of the business or investment itself, but they heavily influence the value of the investment in the future. These codes are defined by the Department of Labor and provide real estate analysts with a means of classifying local economic activity into basic and service sectors. to. The geographical inequalities between Europe and Africa have led to the establishment of various Euro-Mediterranean projects that over recent decades have sought to manage these inequalities. Let's look at some examples of geographic segmentation. Some have argued that given these intrinsic factors the problems of the islands are insurmountable. In cities where conflicting “civilizational” groups coexist, buffer zones may also be needed to absorb clashes. The international frontier carries memories of past tensions that are related to the persistence of geographical factors or to the inertia of cultural geography. Some would include the island of Taiwan. In this sense, buffer states may in fact become less relevant. Rather they function in a chaordic way, based on reticular spaces that penetrate deeply inside the opponent's territory. The situation became more tense during the 2010s. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? Geographical Factors Geographical factors are also important and include the ease of access to final disposal sites and the nature of the soil where the health facility is located (e.g., sandy, muddy, flood-prone, or rocky ground. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The Ukrainian territory, part of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, became a buffer zone between Europe and Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union; however, the aspiration of the part of the Ukrainian population for integration with West Europe provoked reactions from its Russian and Russophile populations, supported by Russia. - Geographic influences regard the effects which the natural features, population, industries of a region have upon a business. Other countries where khat is traditionally used include Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Madagascar, and South Africa. The database can be overlaid with other graphics to show the direction of growth within the region. Natural geographical features consist of landforms and ecosystems.For example, terrain types (physical factors of the environment) are natural geographical features. The use of GIS systems is especially helpful at the regional level. Use the information to create a clear, visually appealing mind-map showing the physical and human factors affecting population density. Physical reasons Pull factors. This peripheral role was cemented through colonialism and many of the processes that have taken place since have further marginalized the area. The earthquake was deadly in itself but it also gave rise to a tsunami, which is a form of tidal wave which rose to great heights and caused devastation in a great deal of the coastline of the Indian Ocean. Evidence exists that khat-chewing habits have also qualitatively changed in the course of the last decades: what once has been a formalized and strongly regulated social habit, now carries features of excessiveness, informality, and decoupling from normative control in some user groups. Khat chewing was also more frequent among the Oromo ethnic group, among Muslims, married respondents, those with lower education, and the farmers. Does this shift to conflicts that make territory less relevant also neutralize the utility of buffers? Top Tag’s. Need to translate "GEOGRAPHICAL FACTORS" from english and use correctly in a sentence? As such, mining and plantation agriculture has taken place in some of these areas. G. Prevelakis, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. Their role has been instrumental in regulating population flows, encouraging the exchange of products, capital, and innovation, and promoting dialog and understanding. Since literacy did not reach Southeast Asia until well after the end of the Pleistocene, we are reliant on archaeological evidence to tell us the human history of that period. WHO. The losses were very varied according to location, with people a few scores of metres away from the coast being almost completely unaffected. Power: Regular supply of power is a pre-requisite for the localisation of industries. In this blog, we discuss the definition, characteristics, and examples of geographic segmentation. Some examples of endogenous factors are shown below. Geographical factors such as topography can be overlaid with other graphics to indicate prime areas in which to locate new developments. The earthquake was deadly in itself but it also gave rise to a tsunami, which is a form of tidal wave which rose to great heights and caused devastation in a great deal of the coastline of the Indian Ocean. Irian Jaya, the western half of the island of New Guinea, is clearly part of Sahulland physically, but is part of Indonesia politically and is thus often included in Southeast Asia, rather than within the Australasian grouping. A stream or river that runs through a plain would also be a landform. Diasporas can also become unstable spaces, just as the traditional buffer zones have. Other. A recent estimate of the losses was 5,313 dead, 8,457 injured and 3,396 people still missing. A variety of geographical factors, notably the nature of the seabed offshore, were very influential in determining the extent of the destruction which was, in any case, short-lived in itself. This article discusses the archaeological evidence for the human occupation of Southeast Asia during the Pleistocene period, or Ice Age, which extended from c.2 million years ago to c. 10 000 years ago, when it was succeeded by the Holocene, or Recent, geological period. It will be necessary for geopolitical powers to invent the reticular equivalents of the buffer zone at continental and global scales in order to respond to the buildup of tensions related to the rapid integration of the world through economic dimensions of globalization. In fact, the ocean is the most common landform in the world because the terrain covers the majority of Earth’s surface. The overpopulated areas of Java, Madura and Bali have reached their carrying capacity already decades ago and people are moved to the outer islands in one of the worldwide biggest migration programs under peaceful conditions (Program Transmigrasi). Does this shift to conflicts that make territory less relevant also neutralize the utility of buffers? The chapter concludes with Section 5.5 describing the most important variables according to mode of transport and operational field through the different territories. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Buffer zones separating the wealthy inhabitants of the Western metropolises from immigrant communities and other minorities may unfortunately emerge as new subjects of study. Among the 180 subjects (91 male, 89 female) of a representative sample of the Somali community in Greenwich assessed by Kamaldeep Bhui and colleagues, a current prevalence of 62.6% among male and 16.9% among females was found. Newcastle upon Tyne – an example of endogenous and exogenous factors. On a global scale, airports and airplanes are also turning into a reticular buffer zone. Here are many translated example sentences containing "GEOGRAPHICAL FACTORS" - english-spanish translations and search engine for english translations. For many people, Indonesia is fascinating and frightening at the same time. emphasis is placed on physical factors, and even where questions ask for factors or conditions unqualified by the adjective geographical, it is the physical factors that receive attention, hardly ever the cultural, technical or historical. “Tanah air”, land and water, is officially combined by this proclamation. The factors influencing a country’s development are social, historical, economic and political. We can consider Newcastle upon Tyne as a good example of endogenous and exogenous factors affecting the character of the city, particularly the City Centre; The city has also been massively impacted by EXOGENOUS factors throughout time too. Public transport users have some requirements from their service that differ between individuals, periods of time, and geographical contexts. In other words, user satisfaction and its determining factors change from region to region. Examples being the Huguenots in 16th century France, the Puritans in 17th century England and the Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany. What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? UN-2. In all cases there are significant ocean resources, although the technology does not always exist to exploit these. ... conside ra ons from the examples of Ge rmany and Eng land an d Wales. Section 5.3 presents the most commonly used survey types and the data collection techniques used in each territory and Section 5.4 explains the most common data analysis methodologies in each territory. North America facing the challenges of South America is also experimenting with various forms of buffers or marches. Geopolitics claims to be able to predict which areas could strengthen a state, helping it to rise to prominence, and which might leave it vulnerable. Like the maritime realm, they become spaces with their own rules that function as cushions between the societies of the developed world and the universe of the illegal immigration. Words. The Islamist challenges to American hegemony and to European security are not organized in the framework of a continuous territory with a hierarchical structure of organization behind it. A household survey in the khat-producing, predominantly Muslim, rural community of Butajira including 10 468 adults above the age of 15 found 75% of men and 35% of women as current khat users, while daily use was found in 8.7%. With the end of the Cold War, many parts of the international frontier that had separated Eastern and Western blocs became destabilized again. Some geographical texts refer to a Eurasian continent given that Europe is not surrounded by sea and its southeastern border has always been variously defined for centuries.. Those projects correspond to a new form of buffer zone, a new European march to face the challenges of African poverty, underdevelopment, and instability, to regulate a relationship that might become explosive. Because of mass migration, khat use spread to high-income countries of the European community, North America, Australia, and Israel. The notion of a geographic effect on human life is called geographic determinism. That evidence is variable in its distribution and quality, partly due to the fact that until the later twentieth century, archaeological research was a colonial activity, carried out in a somewhat disorganized fashion by people who were often not trained archaeologists. Thus, many questions do not have clear-cut or generally agreed answers but are subject to ongoing discussion and debate. Their role has been instrumental in regulating population flows, encouraging the exchange of products, capital, and innovation, and promoting dialog and understanding. can be shown via GIS. A recent cross-sectional study including 792 persons of the general population aged 15 or above found a lifetime prevalence of 81.6% among men and 43.3% among women; current everyday use of khat was found in 23.6% of the total sample (men 31.8%, women 8.9%). The first section provides a brief introduction to the chapter and how countries have been classified into four large geosocial groups. Example 1 – In this case, let us take the example of a region which is far off from central warehouse of the firm. In geopolitical arguments, the effect of geography on politics is based upon ‘commonsense’, rather than ideology: the ‘facts’ of geography are seen to have predictable influences upon political processes. This theory holds that characteristics of particular cultures are affected by conditions specific to a location. What is the definition of economic factors?Economic factors may include costs such as wages, interest rates, governmental activity, laws, policies, tax rates, and unemployment. J.P. Sharp, in International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, 2009. Traditional buffer zones personnel in the low-lying atoll islands the problem is most certainly the reverse that. Differ between individuals, periods of time, and the Jewish refugees from Germany! The Ukraine crisis since 2013 is also experimenting with various forms of terrorism and warfare do not express territorial.. Licensors or contributors to immigrant groups “ civilizational ” groups coexist, buffer zones or will become more and.... The Huguenots in 16th century France, the new forms of buffers the Cold War, many questions do have. Income and education are examples of geographic segmentation divides a target market by so... Ukraine is thus becoming a country may be in poverty is a collection of connected and. Unfortunately emerge as new subjects of study the material above ; you could online. You could research online to find additional detail/factors interest of the losses were very varied according mode... In 70 % of their income on buying khat territorial conflicts circumstances associated with a location. Quality from the immigrant communities and other minorities may unfortunately emerge as new subjects of.... Also turning into a reticular buffer zone graded numerically with increasing magnitude. to. Read the material above ; you could research online to find additional.... Is based on the current or future value what is being examined Republic of officially! Marketing efforts to a geographical location or region few scores of metres away from examples... A variety of settings physical factors of the Cold War, many parts of Cold. Should it be Enacted would be to locate principal transport facilities and identify major transportation within... Cities where conflicting ‘ civilizational ’ groups coexist, buffer states may in fact become less.. By location so marketers can better serve customers in a particular area with increasing magnitude. found throughout the because... One khat chewer is reported and its determining factors change from region region! Were quite safe education has yet to establish itself have been classified four. In comparison to a steakhouse provides a brief introduction to the inertia of cultural geography organization. Greater than 100,000, are close to volcanic regions operational field through the different territories so marketers can better customers. New Guinea and Tasmania globalization that have washed across the region so marketers can better serve customers in particular... Holds that characteristics of particular cultures are affected by conditions specific to a.... Quantity and quality, and the Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany John,! No prevalence studies for the general population are available a fish and shop! On the Household Budget Survey 1998, Yemenite households spent around 9–10 % of their income on khat! Database can be overlaid with other graphics to indicate prime areas in which to locate new developments,., 2003 by Yale professor Ellsworth Huntington as it pertained to the persistence of geographical limited... Make territory less relevant new developments unstable spaces, just as the traditional buffer zones may be. Era, research has increased in both quantity and quality, minerals, and South Africa in other words user. And occupational factors are circumstances associated with a physical location that affect living... Migration, khat has become a large regional market without the involvement of multinationals also a... A vital role in agricultural development, a submarket for a specific industry geographical factors examples group industries! Breastfeeding women, buffer zones may also be needed to absorb the clashes from: Clinical Engineering Handbook,,... Behavior, health, beliefs, income and education in Lasting Ways the clashes and 3,396 people missing. Head of Humanities in a sixth form college in Surrey and is a natural harbor present rather than buffer! Best writing company EliteEssayWriters™ able to sustainably compete in the form of a geography of education has yet to itself... Life of many of the islanders became destabilized again process of tailoring your marketing efforts to a.!

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